What is coal used for in Indonesia?
Coal – a fossil fuel – is the most important energy source for electricity generation and also forms an essential fuel for the production of steel and cement.
Where Does Indonesia get its coal?
Kalimantan (Borneo) and South Sumatra are the centres of coal mining. In recent years, production in Indonesia has been rising rapidly, from just over 200 mill tons in 2007 to over 400 mill tons in 2013. In 2013, the chair of the Indonesian Coal Mining Association said the production in 2014 may reach 450 mill tons.
What type of coal is found in Indonesia?
The country’s total coal resources were recently estimated to be 38.8 Bt by the Directorate-General for Mining, including approximately 17 Bt in Sumatra and 21.1 Bt in Kalimantan. 58.6% are lignite, 26.6% are sub-bituminous, 14.4% are bituminous and 0.4% anthracite.
Who owns coal mines in Indonesia?
When its permit expired in November 2015, mine owner PT Graha Benua Etam had left behind four pits. The company’s listed office in Samarinda no longer exists. According to the deed, PT Graha Benua Etam is owned by people named Muslimin and Muhaimin.
Why should we quit coal?
As of 2010, coal accounted for 43% of global greenhouse gas emissions from fuel combustion. Simply put, to solve the climate crisis we must stop burning coal. … Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main greenhouse gas, and is the leading cause of global warming.
How much coal does Indonesia use?
Indonesia ranks 12th in the world for Coal consumption, accounting for about 9.0% of the world’s total consumption of 1,139,471,430 tons. Indonesia consumes 392,358 cubic feet of Coal per capita every year (based on the 2016 population of 261,556,381 people), or 1,075 cubic feet per capita per day.
What are the disadvantages of coal?
- Coal is nonrenewable. …
- Coal contains the most CO2 per BTU, the largest contributor to global warming.
- Severe environmental, social and health and safety impacts of coal mining.
- Devastation of environment around coal mines.
- High cost of transporting coal to centralized power plants.
How do humans use coal in daily life?
People began using coal in the 1800s to heat their homes. Trains and ships used coal for fuel. Factories used coal to make iron and steel. Today, we burn coal mainly to make electricity.
Why is coal bad for you?
Several principal emissions result from coal combustion: Sulfur dioxide (SO2), which contributes to acid rain and respiratory illnesses. Nitrogen oxides (NOx), which contribute to smog and respiratory illnesses. Particulates, which contribute to smog, haze, and respiratory illnesses and lung disease.