How much of Indonesia is polluted?
According to the AQLI, as 80 percent of Indonesia’s population of over 250 million is exposed to annual average pollution concentrations above the WHO guideline, the country has the fifth highest loss of life-years due to particulate pollution in the world.
Why Indonesia is so polluted?
Contributors to poor air quality in Indonesia include the mining and oil and gas industries, automobile manufacturing, vehicle emissions, and forest fires. Seasonal variations exist, with the highest levels of air pollution occurring during the dry season (June to October) due to forest fires.
Is Indonesia a clean country?
Water supply and sanitation in Indonesia is characterized by poor levels of access and service quality. Almost 30 million people lack access to an improved water source and more than 70 million of the country’s 264 million population has no access to improved sanitation.
How bad is Jakarta pollution?
In regards to Jakarta’s pollution problems, statistically speaking it comes in with a poor quality of air. In 2019, it came in with a PM2. 5 yearly average of 49.4 µg/m³.
What is the problem in Indonesia?
Issues include large-scale deforestation (much of it illegal) and related wildfires causing heavy smog over parts of western Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore; over-exploitation of marine resources; and environmental problems associated with rapid urbanisation and economic development, including air pollution, traffic …
What is the most polluted city in Indonesia?
Real-time Indonesia Most polluted city ranking
|1||Surabaya, East Java||129|
|3||Karawang, West Java||88|
|4||Palembang, South Sumatra||86|
Why is Jakarta air so bad?
The pollution is due to increased human activities, population growth, the increasing number of industries, and transportation. … Transportation is the main source of ambient air pollution in Jakarta, which has 10 million people.
Why is Jakarta’s air so polluted?
The severe air pollution in Jakarta stems mostly from vehicle emissions, factories and coal-fired power plants. According to a 2017 Greenpeace report titled Jakarta’s Silent Killer, eight coal-fired power plants operate within 100 kilometers of Jakarta, producing hazardous pollutants that affect the capital city.
Which is the dirtiest country?
List of most-polluted cities by particulate matter concentration